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||Kastellorizo facts and figures
View of the north of Kastellorizo at dawn from the Turkish resort of Kaş.
||Kastellorizo (Καστελλόριζο), pronounced Kastel-loh-ritzo.|
The name is thought to be from the Italian for red castle
Alternative spellings: Kastelorizo, Kastellorizon, Castellorizo, Castelorizo
Official name: Megisti (Μεγίστη, the biggest, as it is the largest of a group of small islands)
Ancient name: Megiste (Dorian Greek)
Turkish name: Meis
||Kastellorizo is part of the Greek Dodecanese island group in the southeastern Mediterranean Sea.|
Administratively, the municipality of Megisti is part of the Dodecanese prefecture in Greece's Southern Aegean region (periphery).
For further information about Greece's administrative divisions see our page:
Greece facts and figures.
It is the easternmost inhabited Greek island, just 2 km from the western Anatolian coast of Turkey, and its main harbour is 7 km from the Turkish resort of Kaş.
Geologically it is part of Anatolia (Asia Minor), as an outcrop of the Taurus mountain range, but culturally and ethnologically it has long been part of Greece.
Kastellorizo has around 14 neighbouring islands and islets. All are unpopulated except Ro, which officially has a population of 15, and Stroggyli with 9 inhabitants (2001 census).
Greek islets include:
Agios Georgios (Άγιος Γεώργιος),
Agrielea (Αγριέλαια) or Agrelia (Αγρελιά)
Megalo Mavropini (Μεγάλο Μαυροποινή),
Mikro Mavropini (Μικρό Μαυροποινή),
Polyfados (Πολύφαδος), two islets
Tragonera (Τραγονέρα) or Dragonera (Δραγονέρα)
Some of the islands, like some of the places on Kastellorizo, are known by more than one name.
Nearby Turkish islands include:
Gürmenli, Heybeli, Bayrak, Besmi, Kovan, Kovanli, Güvernicli, Sariada
(Turkish for island: ada, adasi)
||(administrative region) Southern Aegean islands|
||Dodecanese (capital Rhodes)|
||9.113 square km, 3 km wide and 6 km long; the smallest permanently inhabited island in the Dodecanese.|
Coastline 19.5 km
||Mount Vigla (Όρος Βίγλα), 273 metres|
||Kastellorizo and the neighbouring islets are mesozoic/cenozoic limestone outcrops on the southwestern end of the Taurus mountain range.|
||Eastern European Time (EET)|
Daylight Saving Schedule:
Summer (from last Sunday in March)
GMT/UTC +3 hours
Winter (from last Sunday in October)
GMT/UTC +2 hours
See page 7: addresses, links, phone numbers
||Mediterranean (temperate, with wet winters and hot, dry summers)|
||492 (2011 census). This can rise to around 1000 during the summer tourist season.|
and Australian English ;-)
||See page 2: a brief history of Kastellorizo|
||Greek orthodox. There are more than 20 churches and chapels on the island.|
||Links here take you to photos of the corresponding sights in our gallery.|
clear air and sea, relaxed atmosphere and people, good food, great views, local architecture and decoration of houses, Parastas Cave (the Blue Grotto, tou Parastá i trypa), Knights of St John Castle, archaeological museum (Tues-Sun 8 am - 3 pm), Ottoman mosque (used as a small ethnological museum), Lycian rock-cut tomb (the only one in Greece), Moni Agiou Stefanou monastery as well as numerous Greek Orthodox churches and chapels, nearby islets of Ro and Stroggyli.
Monk seals, turtles (carreta carreta), dolphins and a wide variety of fish and other sea creatures haunt the waters around the island.
||walking, swimming, snorkling, eating, drinking, laughing, boat trips around the island to the Blue Grotto, the neighbouring islets Ro, Stroggyli, and across to the Turkish resort of Kas.|
page 4: activities on Kastellorizo
page 5: sights on Kastellorizo
Further information about Greece can be found in our introduction to Greece.
|Maps, photos and articles: © David John,
except where otherwise specified.
Additional photos: © Konstanze Gundudis
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Olive Garden Restaurant
+30 22460 49 109
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in Kavala's historic Panagia District