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Stageira &
Olympiada
1   introduction
2 history part 1
3 history part 2
4 history part 3
5 history part 4
6 history part 5
7 history part 6
8 history part 7
9 history part 8
10 facts & figures
11 getting there
12 accommodation
  photo galleries:
Olympiada
Ancient Stageira
 
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My Favourite Planet > English > Europe > Greece > Macedonia > Stageira & Olympiada > Stageira gallery
Stageira & Olympiada Ancient Stageira gallery 22 of 38
The agora of Ancient Stageira, Halkidiki, Macedonia, Greece at My Favourite Planet

The agora of Ancient Stageira.
The above photo is interactive. Click on an area to go the relevant gallery page.

What is now a large open space in the middle of Ancient Stageira, cleared of vegetation since the start of archaeological excavations in 1990, was once the city's agora (Greek, Ἀγορά, from ageirein, to gather together), the marketplace and centre of public life. The agora was surrounded by shops, workshops, a warehouse, religious and administrative buildings, such as the stoa, and presumably a courthouse.

Today the agora's focal point is the Classical arcade (the stoa, see next page), immediately to the left (northwest) of which a small altar has been discovered (gallery page 26). Directly in front of it are the remains of Archaic buildings from the 6th century BC, one circular and two rectagular in plan (gallery page 27), near which other Archaic remains, including what are thought to have been foundations of monuments, have also been found. To the right is part of a paved street (see below) along the front of a building complex, thought to have been a public warehouse (gallery pages 28-29).

Behind the agora, on the slopes of the city's North Hill, stood a densely-built residential area (see gallery page 20), 6th century Archaic fortifications, an Archaic temple (gallery page 32) and a large Hellenistic building (gallery page 30), as well as a much later Byzantine fort (gallery pages 36-37).

Aristotle believed that one of the main reasons for the existence of communites was trade, and that a well organized and regulated market was of primary importance to a community's dignity and happiness:

"The first thing necessary is to establish proper regulators in the markets; for which purpose a certain magistrate should be appointed to inspect their contracts and preserve good order; for of necessity, in almost every city there must be both buyers and sellers to supply each other's mutual wants: and this is what is most productive of the comforts of life; for the sake of which men seem to have joined together in one community."

Aristotle, Politics (Πολιτικά, Things concerning the polis), Book 6, chapter 8.

Politics: a treatise on government by Aristotle, translated by William Ellis. J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd, London & Toronto, and E. P. Dutton & Co., New York, 1928. At Project Gutenberg.
 
photos and articles:
© David John
Stageira &
Olympiada
photo galleries

 
Photo gallery of Olympiada village, Halkidiki, Macedonia, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Olympiada
 
Photo gallery of Ancient Stageira, Halkidiki, Macedonia, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Ancient Stageira
 
Plan of Ancient Stageira, Halkidiki, Macedonia, Greece at My Favourite Planet

interactive map
of Stageira
The pebble-paved street on the east side of the Stageira agora

Part of the stone-paved street on the east side of the Stageira agora.

The street started at the right side of the stoa on the east side of the agora, ran south for 20 metres, then turned eastwards along the front of a public building complex. So far, about 30 metres of this street have been uncovered. See also photo below.

According to the Roman writer Pliny the Elder, "pavements are an invention of the Greeks, who also practised the art of painting them, till they were superseded by mosaics."

Pliny the Elder, Natural History, Book 36, chapter 60, section 25. At Perseus Digital Library.
 
A paved street in Ancient Stageira, Halkidiki, Macedonia, Greece at My Favourite Planet

The section of the paved street running eastwards, along the side of the public building
complex thought to have been a warehouse. In the foregound are the rows of holes cut
into the natural rock for holding large ceramic storage jars (see gallery page 28).
Photos, maps and articles: copyright © David John,
except where otherwise specified.

Additional photos: copyright © Konstanze Gundudis

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Athens (street life)

Athens (Aristotle's Lyceum)

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Paved street on the east side of the Stageira agora, see below The classical stoa of the Stageira agora, gallery pages 23 - 25 Ancient altar in the Stageira agora, gallery page 26 Remains of Archaic buildings in the centre of the Stageira agora, gallery page 27 The main footpath through the agora from the west entrance to the archaeological site, gallery page 27 Public building complex on the east side of the Stageira agora, gallery pages 28 - 29The North Hill of Stageira, gallery pages 30 - 38