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|Selçuk gallery 1
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The Byzantine fortress on the citadel (acropolis) of Ayasuluk above Selçuk.
Currently closed to the public.
The citadel or the acropolis of Ayasuluk was built by the Byzantines, although the exact date of construction is unknown. Due to finds of Mycenaean pottery and other artifacts here, it is thought that the acropolis was used by indigenous Anatolian people before the arrival of the Ionian Greeks around 1000 BC.
The Turks rebuilt and added to the citadel, which has 15 watchtowers and contains numerous cisterns, a Byzantine church and a small mosque.
On the hillside to the right of the citadel is the walled precinct around the Basilica of Saint John the Evangelist (see gallery 1, pages 5-13). The Turkish name Ayasuluk (Ottoman Turkish, Ayasluğ) is a corruption of of the Greek name of Saint John, Agios Ioannes Theologos (Ἅγίος Ἰωάννης Θεολόγος).
Because the fortress was until recently used by the Turkish military, it was inaccessible to the public for many years. Following renovation and restoration work it was opened to the public, but then closed again, apparently because of unsafe structures.
See more photos of the Ayasuluk citadel on gallery 1, page 14.
he Ayasuluk Fortress and the Isa Bey Mosque (bottom left).
See larger photo below.
Panoramic view of the Ayasuluk fortress and the Isa Bey Mosque (Isa Bey Camii)
at the the southwest of Selçuk, from the road up to the House of the Virgin Mary.
Saint John's Basilica is within the walls below the fortress, to the right of the mosque.
The road in front of mosque leads from the centre of the town (right)
to Ephesus, then on to the highway between Kuşadası and Izmir.
|Map, photos and articles: © David John
Additional photos: © Konstanze Gundudis
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have been attributed where applicable.
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Higher resolution versions are available on request.
Some of the information and photos in this guide to Selçuk
originally appeared in 2004 on davidjohnberlin.de.
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