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Samos
  1 introduction
2 practical info
3 getting there
4 sightseeing
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My Favourite Planet > English > Europe > Greece > Northern Aegean > Samos
Samos, Greece Museums, sites and sights on Samos   page 4
The Bay of Pythagorio, Samos and the view of Mount Mykale on the west coast of Turkey at My Favourite Planet

The Bay of Pythagorio, Samos and the view of Mount Mykale on the west coast of Turkey.
Vathy (Samos town) Karlovasi Pythagorio Mytilinii
 
 
Please note:

Due to Greece's economic crisis, information about timetables, fares, prices, opening times, etc. is changing continually.

Many tourist information offices have beeen closed, and many official websites offer no indication of these changes.

Below is the most up-to-date information we have been able to find. If you have any more information you would like to share, please get in contact.

 
 
Samos has several museums, a few archaeological sites (mostly around Pythagorio, the island's ancient capital) and numerous churches and monasteries. The island also has wonderful landscapes, mountains and beaches, as well as fascinating villages, some of which are difficult to reach by public transport (i.e bus).

Here are the main cultural attractions of the island, most of which are relatively easy to reach from Vathy and Pythagorio.

Samos
sights
Vathy (Samos Town)

Samos Archaeological Museum,
Vathy


(Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο Βαθέως Σάμου)

In the centre of Lower Vathy.

See Samos gallery pages 4 - 6 for further details.

Tel: +30 22730 27469

Website: www.odysseus.culture.gr

Opening times

Summer (1 April - 31 October):
Tuesday-Sunday 9:00-16:00. Monday closed.

Winter (1 November - 30 April):
Tuesday-Sunday 8:00-15:00. Monday closed.

Admission
3 Euro; reduced tickets 2 Euro.

Ecclesiastical Byzantine Museum,
Vathy


(το Εκκλησιαστικό Βυζαντινό Μουσείο)

28th Odos Oktovtio 2, 83100 Vathy, Samos

Tel: +30 22730 80802 and +30 22730 87640

Website:
imsamou.gr/index.php/el/mouseio/museumenu
(Greek only)

Opening times

Monday - Friday 10 am - 2 pm
Closed Saturday and Sunday.

The museum contains a collection of icons, manuscripts and other items related to the Greek Orthodox Church and the Byzantine Empire.

Samos Wine Museum, Malagari

(Το Μουσείο Σαμιακού Οίνου)

Malagari, 83100 Samos.
2.5 km west of the centre of Vathy.

Tel: +30 22730 87511

Website: www.samoswine.gr/uk/5.html

Opening times

May - October, Monday - Saturday 8 am - 8 pm
Sunday closed.

Admission 2 Euro

Run by the Union of Vinicultural Cooperatives of Samos (ΕΟΣΣ, EOSS), the former privately-owned winery in the seaside village of Malagari was opened as a museum in 2005. It displays various aspects of traditional wine production and storage, including tools, photos, documents, large wine casks and an enormous cellar. Tours of the museum include wine-tastings.
Samos
sights
Karlovasi

Karlovasi Tannery Museum

(Μουσείο Βυρσοδεψίας στο Καρλόβασι)

Odos Pythagora, Karlovasi, 83200 Samos

Tel: +30 22730 79137

Website: karlovasi.wordpress.com (Greek only)

Opening times Tuesday - Saturday 9 am - 1 pm

Admission free

The national Greek flag at My Favourite Planet
Samos

photo gallery

 
Photos of Vathy, Samos, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Vathy
(Samos Town)
 
Photos of Vathy Archaeological Museum, Samos, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Archaeological Museum, Vathy
 
Photos of Pythagorio, Samos, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Pythagorio
 
Photos of the Castle of Logothetis, Pythagorio, Samos, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Castle of Logothetis
 
Photos of Panagia Spiliani Monastery, Samos, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Panagia Spiliani Monastery
 
Photos of the south coast of Samos, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Samos coast
 
Photos of Ormos Marathokambou, Samos, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Ormos Marathokambou
 
Photos of Chora, Samos, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Chora
 
Photos of Kokkari, Samos, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Kokkari
 
Photos of Karlovasi, Samos, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Karlovasi
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Samos
sights
Pythagorio

Pythagorio Archaeological Museum

(Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο Πυθαγορείου)

In the centre of Pythagorio, near a small archaeological site.

Opening times

Same opening times as the Archaeological Museum in Vathi.

Admission €4, reduced €2

Tel: +30 22730 61400

Website: odysseus.culture.gr/h/1/eh151.jsp?obj_id=3495
(The information on this official Greek Ministry of Culture website is out of date.)

This used to be one of the tiniest archaeological museums in the world, with the small collection displayed in one room on the ground floor of the old town hall, and other large stone inscriptions standing outside on the street.

A new purpose-built two-storey museum was opened in 2010, although very little information about it has been published so far.

The museum now has around 3,000 finds from the ancient city of Samos (now Pythagorio), including Archaic stelae, funeral reliefs, inscriptions, architectural fragments, portraits of Roman emperors, jewellery, coins and pottery from the 9th - 2nd centuries BC. Exhibition information and labels are in Greek, English and German.
 

Castle of Logothetis, Pythagorio

Also known as the Tower (Pyrgos) of Logothetis (Μουσείο Πύργου Λυκούργου Λογοθέτη, Museum of the Tower of Lycurgus Logothetis)

On the west side of Pythagorio harbour.

Pythagorio, 83103 Samos.

Tel: +30 22730 62408

Website: odysseus.culture.gr/h/1/eh155.jsp?obj_id=18681

Opening times

Summer (April - October)
Tuesday-Sunday 8.30 am - 3.30 pm
Monday closed

Admission free

See Samos gallery pages 12 - 14 for further details.

The Byzantine castle was built in the 10th century AD on the foundations of the ancient citadel. Repairs and additions were carried out by the Genoese in the 14th century, when the square towers were built. During the 16th century the fortifications were modernized and cannon emplacements added. The castle was later abandoned when the island was depopulated due to pirate raids.

It was partially rebuilt in 1824 by Lycurgus Logothetis (Λυκούργος Λογοθέτης, 1772-1850), the local leader during the Greek War of Independence (1821-1829). Logothetis used one of the towers as his headquarters and residence.

For many years the Tower of Logothetis was used to store finds from local archaelogical excavations, before the new Pythagorio Archaeological Museum was built. Recently it has been restored and is now open as a museum, with information and images about the history of Samos, and some of the archaeological finds from excavations at the castle.

In the grounds of the castle is the Church of the Transfiguration (ο Ιερός Ναός της Μεταμορφώσεως του Σωτήρος, the Holy Church of the Metamorphosis of the Saviour), built 1831-1833 as an initiative of Logothetis to commemorate the Greek victory at the naval Battle of Samos against the Turkish fleet, which took place in the Mykale Strait on 5 August 1824.

Due to the war and economic difficulties, the building of the church did not begin until 27 February 1831. Logothetis planned the building himself and made a wax model of the design. The construction was supervised by Georgios Petros from the Cretan village of Marathos, and completed on 15 June 1833. Just before his death in Athens in 1850, Logothetis financed the renovation of the church.

Just to the north (inland) of the castle are the remains of a 2nd century AD Roman villa. There are also the remains of a 5th century AD Christian church and a small chapel which were built over the villa.
 

Roman Baths (Thermai), Pythagorio

(Αρχαιολογικό χώρο Θέρμες, Archaeological Site of the Baths,
or simply οι Θέρμες, the Baths)

1 km west of Pythagorio. Just south of the road to the airport.

Opening times
Tuesday - Sunday 9.30 am (Wednesday 10.30 am) - 2.30 pm

Entrance free

The west part of a Hellenistic gymnasium was converted into a public baths in the 2nd century AD (Roman period). Among the lower parts of walls are remains of marble floors and a mosaic, as well as the ruins of a 5th century Christian basilica. Also visible are the stone supports for the underfloor heating (hypocaust). The gymnasium-bath complex included a palaestra for wrestling.

Near the baths is the site of a Geometric period cemetery.

Just to the east of the Baths are the very scant remains of the Temple of Aphrodite (not much of which can be seen), and to the west are ruins of the Temple of Artemis.
 

Heraion Archaeological Site, Pythagorio

(Το Ηραίο Σάμου)

6 km west of Pythagorio, on the southwest of the island.
Near the modern seaside village of Ireo (Ηραίο).

Opening times

Same opening times as the Archaeological Museum in Vathi.

Admission €4, reduced €2
The ticket is also valid for the Tunnel of Eupalinos.

Tel: +30 22730 62811

Website: odysseus.culture.gr/h/3/eh351.jsp?obj_id=2366

The site of the Temple and Sanctuary of the goddess Hera, near the mouth of the Imbrasos river (also known as Parthenios), where, according to myth, she was born and married the supreme Olympian god Zeus.

The enormous Ionic temple, with 115 columns, was built around 500 BC by the tyrant Polykrates. Today only a part of one reconstructed column stands on the site, which is why locals nicknamed the site "Kolonna".

Some of the archaeological finds from the sanctuary are in the Archaeological Museums in Vathi and Pythagorio, while many are in various museums around the world.

The sanctuary was connected to the ancient city of Samos (today Pythagorio) by a Sacred Way, along which stood colossal kouros statues. One of these statues, 4.8 metres tall, can be seen in the Archaeological Museum, Vathy (see gallery page 5).
 

The Tunnel of Eupalinos, Pythagorio

(Το Ευπαλίνειο Ορυγμα, Efpalinio Orygma), also known as the Evpalinos Tunnel and the Aqueduct of Eupalinos

Closed since October 2013 due to reconstruction works.

1 km north of Pythagorio, at the foot of Spiliani Mountain.

Opening times

April-October, Tuesday-Sunday 8 am - 2 pm.

Admission €4, reduced €2
The ticket is also valid for the Heraion.

The vast 1,036 metre long tunnel (only the first 150 metres is open to the public) is an impressive feat of ancient engineering, designed by Eupalinos, son of Naustrophos of Megara, Attica (Ευπαλίνος ο Μεγαρεύς). In places the tunnel is 1.8 metres high and 1.8 metres wide, and the water channel which runs below it is up to 8 metres deep.

It was built through the limestone of a 237 metre high foothill of Kastro Hill (ancient Mount Ambelos) by the tyrant Polykrates around 550 BC as part of a water collection and transportation system from the hills to his capital Samos (now known as Pythagorio).

To the north of the tunnel are also remains of a later Roman aqueduct, built to improve the water flow to the city.

Near the upper entrance to the tunnel are the remains of an ancient theatre, and the Panagia Spiliani Monastery.

To the west of the tunnel entrance are remains of the ancient Walls of Polykrates (Τα Πολυκράτεια τείχη), the perimeter walls of the ancient city of Samos. The defensive wall, remains of which can also seen at other places around Pythagorio, was originally 6,430 metres long and had 32 towers.
 

Ancient Theatre, Pythagorio

(Αρχαίο θέατρο Πυθαγορείου)

Between the upper entrance to the Tunnel of Eupalinos and the Panagia Spiliani Monastery, 1.5 km north of Pythagorio.

Opening times

The theatre is normally open to the public during the day.

Admission free.

Not much has survived of the original stage or seating of the theatre, thought to have been originally built in the 4th century BC. It has now been provided with a modern stage and wooden benches so that it can be used for performances in summer.
 

Panagia Spiliani Monastery, Pythagorio

(Μονή Παναγίας Σπηλιανής, Monastery of the Virgin of the Cave)

On a hill 125 metres above sea level, 1.5 km northwest of Pythagorio.

Tel: +30 22730-61361

Opening times

All year, daily 9am - 2.30 pm, 5 pm - 8 pm.

Admission free.

See Samos gallery pages 22 - 26 for further details.

Once you have climbed the hill to the monastery, you then descend 95 steps to the cave dedicated to the Virgin Mary (Panagia). A spring and the remains of an ancient temple discovered here indicate that this was a sacred place in antiquity. A church was built here in Byzantine times, and later a monastery. The cave contains an icon of the Virgin believed to have miraculous properties.

Monks no longer live here, and it has become increasingly touristy. It is often crowded in summer, probably because it is so close to Pythagorio and other tourist resorts.
 

Folklore Museum, Pythagorio

Folklore Museum of the Nikolaos Dimitriou Foundation of Samos
(Λαογραφικό Μουσείο του Πνευματικού Ιδρύματος Σάμου Νικολάου Δημητρίου)

Near the Hotel Doryssa Bay, Pythagorio.

Pythagoreio, 83100 Samos.

Tel: +30 22730 88383 and +30 22730 62286

Website: odysseus.culture.gr/h/1/eh151.jsp?obj_id=3358

Opening times

Summer (1 April - 31 October), 10 am - 1.30 pm

Winter (1 November - 31 March), by appointment

Admission free.

Exhibits explore the life and culture of the people of Samos before World War II. Clothing, objects, images and documents reflecting daily life, work and various trades and professions.

 
Samos
sights
Mytilinii

Paleontological Museum, Mytilinii

Also known as the Natural History Museum of the Aegean
(Μουσείο Φυσικής Ιστορίας Αιγαίου).

Its full official name is Museum of the Aegean of the Aegean - Palaeontological Museum of Samos - Konstantinos and Maria Zimali Foundation.

In Mytilinii village, 5 km northwest of Pythagorio,
12 km southwest of Vathy (Samos town).

Mytilinii, 83101 Samos.

Tel/Fax: +30 22730 52055

Website: www.nhma.gr

Opening times

Summer (1 May - 31 October), Tuesday – Saturday 9 am - 2 pm,
Sunday 10 am - 2 pm.
Monday closed.

Winter (1 November - 30 April),
by appointment only (mainly for groups).

A natural history museum specializing in fossils and remains of ancient animals and plants, with zoological, botanical, mineralogical and geological departments.


There is also an Olive Museum on the island,
although so far we have no further information.


 
Samos Area map
Interactive map of the Northern Aegean islands at My Favourite Planet

Interactive map of the North Aegean islands

Colour key for Greek island groups (west-east)

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Photos, maps and articles: © David John 2003 - 2016.


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Higher resolution versions are available on request.


Some of the information and photos in this guide to Samos
originally appeared in 2003-2004 on davidjohnberlin.de.


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However, we can take no responsibility for inaccuracies or changes
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Athens 1

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Thessaloniki
 
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