My Favourite Planet - the online travel guide
 
Ephesus
  1 introduction
2 history
3 practical info
4 sightseeing
5 getting there
photo gallery
 
My Favourite

Planet guides

  index of contents
contributors
impressum
sitemap
Turkey
  Istanbul
Ephesus
Kuşadası
Pergamon
Selçuk
Places on My Favourite Planet
England
  Avebury
France
  Paris
Greece
  places in Greece
MFP People
My Favourite

Planet Blogs

Edwin Drood's Column - the blog by The Mysterious Edwin Drood at My Favourite Planet Blogs

Edwin Drood's
Column
 
The Cheshire Cat Blog - travel articles, photo essays and videos at My Favourite Planet Blogs

Cheshire Cat
Blog
Guide to Planet Earth at My Favourite Planet

Guide to
Planet Earth
My Favourite Planet, the online travel guide
home   places   galleries   news   about   contribute   contact   blogs
My Favourite Planet > English > Middle East > Turkey > Ephesus > photo gallery
Ephesus, Turkey Ephesus photo gallery 1 9 of 66
Relief of Apollo's tripod at the top of Kuretes Street, Ephesus at My Favourite Planet   Relief of Hermes with a ram at the top of Kuretes Street, Ephesus, Turkey at My Favourite Planet
Reliefs on two pedestals at the top of Kuretes Street, Ephesus
The two matching pedestals (bases for statues or pillars?) flank the steep street as it descends westwards from the Upper State Agora to Kuretes Street and on towards the Library of Celsus (see a photo of the location below).

Each pedestal is decorated on the side facing the street with a bas-relief of a tripod, between the lion-claw feet of which is the omphalos, the navel of the world, indicating that it belongs to the Delphic oracle of Apollo (see photo below), the twin brother of Artemis, the patron deity of Ephesus.

Over the central leg of the tripod is a winged figure with sickle-shaped wings, holding animals in its outstretched arms. The figure is badly worn and difficult see, but it appears to be a depiction of the Mistress of Animals (Potnia Theron), a deity associated with Artemis.

The downhill (west) side of each pedestal is decorated with a bas-relief of Hermes leading an animal: the relief on the north side of the street (left as you go up, see photo below) shows him walking to the right with a male goat, and on the south side he walks to the left with a ram. The images of the god are mirrored so that they face each other and the street.

On both reliefs the messenger god is depicted as a naked, athletic youth with winged sandals. In one hand he holds a winged kerykeion (caduceus), his trademark staff or wand entwined with two snakes, which he used to induce sleep and healing. With his other hand he pulls along the reluctant-looking animal by the head. Behind him is an altar with a phiale (libation bowl) on top, indicating that the image is concerned with a sacrifice, perhaps to Apollo.

The reliefs may refer to the healing god Asklepios, Apollo's son, and have been associated with an Asklepion or healing centre thought to have been located nearby. Alternatively, they may have been connected with the adjacent Prytaneion, or the Upper Agora.

The pedestals have been dated to somewhere between the 1st and 4th centuries AD (according to one source circa 3rd century AD), which is rather vague, and little seems to have been published about them. On one hand it is wonderful to see them on the street in Ephesus, but strange that they have been left here and not sheltered in the museum.

The omphalos between the feet of a tripod relief, Ephesus at My Favourite Planet

The omphalos between the feet
of the tripod of the pedestal
on the north side of the street.
 
The Mistress of Animals on a tripod relief, Ephesus at My Favourite Planet

The Mistress of Animals on
the north pedestal tripod.
 
Relief of Hermes with a ram, Ephesus, Turkey at My Favourite Planet

The better preserved of the
Hermes reliefs, on the pedestal
on the south side of the street.
photos and articles:
© David John
See also:

Selçuk

the nearby town

Selçuk
galleries index
 
Selcuk photo gallery 1 - town of Selcuk, Turkey

Selçuk gallery 1
around town
 
Selcuk photo gallery 2 - Ephesus Archaeological Museum, Turkey

Selçuk gallery 2
Ephesus Museum
 
Selcuk photo gallery 3 - Serbian folk dancers in Selcuk, Turkey

Selçuk gallery 3
Serbian dancers
visit Selçuk
 
The top of Kuretes Street, Ephesus at My Favourite Planet

Looking up the street eastwards to the Upper Agora
and the upper entrance of the archaeological site.

The step on which the pedestals stand marks the start of Kuretes Street (foreground)
and the boundary of the upper part of the town which contains the Upper State Agora,
the Bouleuterion (meeting place of the city council) in the Odeion, the Prytaneion,
the Stoa Basilica and other official buildings.

The area of the Prytaneion and asscociated buildings is on the left, and the enormous
foundations of the Upper Agora are on the right. The steep slope and the uneven,
irregular paving slabs makes going difficult, though not impossible, for wheelchair users.
The tripod relief on the south side of Kuretes Street, Ephesus at My Favourite Planet

The tripod relief on the pedestal on the south side of Kuretes Street.

On this relief a snake (python), writhes up from the omphalos
to below the bowl, with its head to the right of the central leg.
The relief of Hermes with a ram on the south pedestal on Kuretes Street, Ephesus at My Favourite Planet

The relief of Hermes with a ram on the south pedestal on Kuretes Street.
The relief of Hermes with a he-goat on the north pedestal on Kuretes Street, Ephesus at My Favourite Planet

The relief of Hermes with a male goat on the north pedestal on Kuretes Street.
Herakles stealing Apollo's tripod at My Favourite Planet

Herakles (Hercules, left) steals the tripod from Apollo's temple
in Delphi, with Apollo in hot pursuit.

Fragment of an Archaistic marble relief on a round building element,
perhaps a puteal (well head). End of the 1st century BC - beginning
of the 1st century AD. Said to be from Cumae (Italy).

Antikensammlung SMB, Berlin (Pergamon Museum). Inv. No. Sk 894.
From the Bartholdy Collection, Rome. Height 60 cm, width 56 cm, depth 36 cm.
Map, photos and articles: © David John

Additional photos: © Konstanze Gundudis

All photos and articles are copyright protected.

Images and materials by other authors
have been attributed where applicable.

Please do not use these photos or articles without permission.

If you are interested in using any of the photos for your website,
blog or publication, please get in contact.

Higher resolution versions are available on request.

Some of the information and photos in this guide to Ephesus
originally appeared in 2004 on davidjohnberlin.de.
 
See also
The Cheshire Cat Blog
photo essays about Turkey:

Istanbul Essentials part 1

Istanbul Essentials part 2

Istanbul Essentials part 3
with video

Ionian Spring part 1

Ionian Spring part 2

Ionian Spring part 3
My Favourite Planet Group page on Facebook Visit the My Favourite Planet Group on Facebook.

Join the group, write a message or comment,
post photos and videos, start a discussion...
< Ephesus gallery contents  
 
 
 
Copyright © 2003-2017 My Favourite Planet  |  contributors  |  impressum  |  index of contents  |  sitemap
my-favourite-planet.com   website design by Ursa Major Design