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My Favourite Planet > English > Europe > Greece > Attica > Athens > galleries > Acropolis
to Athens photo galleries main page Athens galleries The Athens Acropolis 9 of 36

Top of the stairway to the Klepsydra Spring on the Acropolis, Athens, Greece at My Favourite Planet

The top of the stairway down to the Klepsydra Spring, near the
Pedestal of Agrippa on the northwestern bastion of the Acropolis.
Propylaia north hall
gateway to the Acropolis
  Temple of
Athena Nike
The gate to the Klepsydra, the Acropolis, Athens, Greece at My Favourite Planet
  gate to the
of Agrippa
  Beulé Gate
north pylon
At the northwest corner of the Acropolis, just below the north hall of the Propylaia, a narrow Roman period stairway leads down from the terrace on which the Pedestal of Agrippa stands to a small gate (now walled up), used to access the sacred cave containing the spring known as the Klepsydra, one of Athens' ancient sources of water, at the foot of the north slope of the Acropolis.

Read more about the Klepsydra on gallery page 4.

The 19th century English scholar Christopher Wordsworth recorded a statue base near the stairway inscribed with a dedication to a Roman proconsul:

"The Demos [people] erect a statue to Gnaeus Acerronius Proclus, proconsul on account of his good will and devotion to itself."

Wordsworth noted that below the Roman period inscription was the barely visible signature of the 4th century BC sculptor Praxiteles: ΠΡΑΞΙΤΕΛΗΣ ΕΠΕΟΙ. He concluded that the statue itself had been rededicated and compared it to the rededication of the statues on the Pedestal of Agrippa. Concurring with Martin William Leake's comment on this "contemptible practice", which included the conversion of statues of Miltiades and Themistocles into a Thracian and a Roman conquerer, he wrote, "To what degradations were the Athenians sunk". [1]

See a plan of the northwest corner of the Acropolis and the stairs to the Klepsydra on gallery page 4

See more images and a plan
of this corner of the Acropolis
and the stairs to the Klepsydra
on gallery page 4.
See a plan of the entrance to the Acropolis on gallery page 10

See plans of the entrance to
the Acropolis, showing the
Beulé Gate, the Temple of
Athena Nike, the Pedestal of
Agrippa, the top of the stairway
to the Klepsydra and the
Propylaia, on gallery page 10.

A marble quarry on Mount Penteli, Athens, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Early 20th century workers taking a break at a marble quarry on Mount Penteli,
the source of most of the white marble used in ancient buildings on the Acropolis.

Source: J. A. Hammerton (editor), Peoples Of All Nations, Volume 4: Georgia to Italy,
page 2519. The Almagamated Press Ltd., London, circa 1920. At the Internet Archive.
Notes, references and links

1. Christopher Wordsworth on the Praxiteles signature

For further information about Christopher Wordsworth, who travelled through Greece 1832-1833, see note on gallery page 4.

Reverend Christopher Wordsworth, Athens and Attica: a journal of a residence there. John Murray, London. Second edition, 1837, pages 142-144. At Heidelberg University Library.

The conversion of statues of Miltiades and Themistocles, which stood at the Prytaneion in Athens, was mentioned by Pausanias:

"Hard by is the Prytaneum [Town-hall], in which the laws of Solon are inscribed, and figures are placed of the goddesses Peace and Hestia, while among the statues is Autolycus the pancratiast. For the likenesses of Miltiades and Themistocles have had their titles changed to a Roman and a Thracian."

Pausanias, Description of Greece, Book 1, chapter 18, section 3. At Perseus Digital Library.

For the comment by Martin William Leake, see gallery page 8.
Photos, illustrations, maps and articles: © David John,
except where otherwise specified.

Additional photos: © Konstanze Gundudis

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See also
The Cheshire Cat Blog
photo essays and articles
about Greece:

Athens (street life)

Athens (Aristotle's Lyceum)






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