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My Favourite Planet > English > Europe > Greece
Greece History of Greece
page 3
The Parthenon, Athens, Greece at My Favourite Planet
We are currently working on a detailed articles on the history of Greece, including links to specialist websites. Meanwhile here is a brief historical overview.

Greece has been inhabited for over 7000 years. The earliest civilizations were developed by the Minoans on Crete and the Myceneans in the Peloponnese.

Greece was continually subject to waves of invasions by non-Greeks, as well as wars between the various Greek tribes themselves. One of the most famous wars between the Greeks and Trojans was made legend by Homer's "Illiad".

City building began around the 7th century BC, leading to the flourishing of classical Greek art, architecture, literature, philosophy, science and politics. The genius of ancient Greece was personified by Sappho, Aristophanes, Aristotle, Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Herodotus, Socrates, Plato, Praxitiles, Pericles and others.

The Greek city states, especially Athens and Sparta, were perpetually feuding with each other, uniting only to fight encroachment by other powers such as the Persian empire.

During the 4th century BC Philip the Great of Macedonia forced an uneasy unity among the Greeks, and his son Alexander the Great extended Greece's power and influence as far as India to the east and Egypt to the south.

Following Alexander the Great's death, the Greeks resumed fighting amongst themselves until they were finally absorbed first into the Roman empire, then the Byzantine empire and ultimately the Turkish Ottoman empire. During this time various parts of Greece were also invaded and taken over by Venetians, Genoese, Crusaders and others.

The Greek War of Independence from Turkey began in 1821 and continued intermittently until after World War I, giving Greece the geographical boundaries it has today.

Greece was invaded and occupied during both world wars. The Greek civil war 1945-9 saw bitter fighting between left-wing and right-wing forces, a struggle which continued politically through the dictatorship of 1967-74.

Since Greece joined the European Union in 1981, the political, social and economic situation has stabilized and the country has prospered materially. Today Greece is a developed democracy, although it is mainly economically dependent on agriculture and tourism.


See also:

A brief history of Kavala

A brief history of Pella
(hometown of Alexander the Great)

History of Stageira and Olympiada
(hometown of Aristotle)

A brief history of Thrace

A brief history of Alexandroupoli, Thrace
 

Map of Greece at My Favourite Planet

Map of Greece

See also our larger interactive map of Greece.

national Greek flag at My Favourite Planet
Greece

photo galleries

 
Athens photo galleries at My Favourite Planet

Athens
Kastellorizo photo gallery at My Favourite Planet

Kastellorizo
Kavala photo gallery at My Favourite Planet

Kavala
Photo gallery of Olympiada village, Halkidiki, Macedonia, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Olympiada
Patmos photo gallery at My Favourite Planet

Patmos
Pella photo gallery at My Favourite Planet

Pella
Polygyros photo gallery at My Favourite Planet

Polygyros
Samos photo gallery at My Favourite Planet

Samos
Samothraki photo gallery at My Favourite Planet

Samothraki
Photo gallery of ancient Stageira, Halkidiki, Macedonia, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Ancient Stageira
Veria photo gallery at My Favourite Planet

Veria
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Cheshire Cat
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photo essays
about Greece:

Athens 1

Athens 2

Dion

Kastellorizo

Meteora

Pella

Polygyros

Thessaloniki
 
Text, map and photos: © David John

Some of the information and photos in this guide to Greece
originally appeared in 2003-2005 on davidjohnberlin.de.
 
See also
The Cheshire Cat Blog
photo essays about Greece:

Athens (street life)

Athens (Aristotle's Lyceum)

Dion

Meteora

Pella

Thessaloniki

Polygyros

Kastellorizo (Megisti)
 
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< page 2: geography of Greece page 4: facts and figures for Greece >
 
 
 
Vyzantino Greek Restaurant, Plaka, Athens, Greece
NEWGEN Travel Agency, Athens, Greece
Hotel Orestias Kastorias Thessaloniki, Greece - The heart of hospitality beats at the heart of the city
Big Dino's Galini, self-catering beach hotel, Nea Vrasna, Macedonia, Greece
Hotel Liotopi, Olympiada, Halkidiki, Macedonia, Greece
Hotel Germany, Olympiada, Halkidiki, Macedonia, Greece
Hotel Okeanis, Kavala, Macedonia, Greece

George Alvanos

rooms
in Kavala's historic Panagia District

Anthemiou 35,
Kavala, Greece

kavalarooms.gr

Olive Garden Restaurant

Kastellorizo, Greece

+30 22460 49 109

kastellorizo.de

Papoutsis
Travel Agency


Kastellorizo, Greece

+30 22460 49 286

greeklodgings.gr
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