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Herodotus of Halicarnassus

Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Herodotos; circa 484 - circa 425 BC), often referred to as "the Father of History", was a Greek historian born in Halicarnassus, Caria (today Bodrum, Turkey).

His work Histories (ἱστορία, Istoría, which in Ancient Greek meant Inquiries), written in Ionic Greek around 460-420 BC, is the account of the wars between the Persians and the Greeks, but also includes historical and geographical background information, mentions of myths, legends, oracles and anecdotes.

Herodotus' Histories can be read online
at Perseus Digital Library.

In Greek, with notes in Greek:

A. D. Godley, Herodotus, Histories. Harvard University Press, 1920.

In English, with notes:

A. D. Godley, Herodotus, Histories. Harvard University Press, 1920.
References to Herodotus
on My Favourite Planet
Athens Acropolis gallery:

page 5       page 9       page 11
Travel guide to Alexandroupoli, Thrace, Greece:

page 2, history       page 5, sightseeing
History of Kavala
History of Pergamon
Pergamon gallery 2:

page 13
History of Stageira and Olympiada:

Part 2       Part 3       Part 4       Part 5       Part 8
Ancient Stageira gallery:

page 13       page 19

The Cheshire Cat Blog:

Dion: the garden of the gods

Marble head of Herodotus in the Agora Museum, Athens, Greece at My Favourite Planet

Marble head of Herodotus.
2nd century AD.

The head of Pentelic marble, 45 cm high,
was found in 1993 built into a modern
house just south of the Stoa of Attalos,
in the Athenian Agora. It is thought to
have been part of a draped statue
which stood in a library or gymnasium.

Agora Museum, Athens. Inv. No. S 270.
Portrait of Herodotus in Berlin at My Favourite Planet

Marble head of Herodotus.
2nd century AD Roman period copy
of a Greek original of the late 5th or
early 4th century BC. From Italy.

Neues Museum, Berlin. Inv. No. Sk 295.

These are two of the best-known types
of bust of Herodotus. In the badly-worn
Athens bust, he appears older, with
deeper furrows in the forehead and lines
beneath the eyes; in comparison, the
Berlin head seems to be of a much
younger man. Another type of bust,
discovered at Athritis (modern Benha),
Lower Egypt and now in the Metropolitan
Musem of Art, New York, shows him
between these ages: middle-aged and
somewhat more serious.

All the busts (including a double-herm
of Herodotus and Thucydides in Naples,
see photos below) appear to show the
same person, with a high-brow and a
beard ending in two parted, conical coils.
Marble herm of Herodotus from Tivoli at My Favourite Planet

Marble herm of Herodotus.

From a double herm of Herodotus and Thucydides.
Early 2nd century AD copies of early 4th century BC
Greek originals. Found in Hadrian’s Villa, Tivoli,
around 1547-1555. Later in the Farnese collection.

National Archaeological Museum, Naples.
Inv. No. 6239.
  Marble bust of Herodotus in Naples at My Favourite Planet

Marble bust of Herodotus.

3rd century AD copy of a
4th century BC Greek original.

National Archaeological Museum, Naples.
Inv. No. 6146.
The double herm of Herodotus and Thucydides in Naples at My Favourite Planet

Side view of the double herm of Thucydides (left) and Herodotus in Naples.
An inscribed marble base of a statue of Herodotus from Pergamon at My Favourite Planet

Fragment of an inscribed marble base of a standing statue of Herodotus from
the Sanctuary of Athena Polias Nikephoros, Pergamon. Late Hellenistic period.

Pergamon Museum, Berlin. Inv. No. IvP 199. Inscription IvP I 199.

The broken segment of a cylindrical, white marble block was found in March 1881 in the "Turkish Middle Tower" on the southern edge of the sanctuary. An indentation in the shape of a right foot on the top of the block indicates that it was the base for a standing bronze statue. Part of the inscription on the side of the base has survived, with the name ΗΡΟΔΟΤΟ[Σ] ΑΛΙΚΑΡΝΑΣΣ[ΕΥΣ] (Herodotos Alikarnasseys, Herodotus of Halicarnassus).

Height 34 cm, circumference 60 cm, height of lettering 2.5 cm.

Bases for statues of other Greek poets and historians have also been found at the sanctuary: Alkaios of Mytiline, Apollonios, Balakros, Homer and Timotheos [1]. The statues were probably part of a collection of monuments dedicated to famous writers exhibited in the Library of Pergamon within the sanctuary.

See also the base of a statue of Homer from Sanctuary of Athena.
Herodotus Notes, references and links

1. Bases of statues of writers from the Library of Pergamon

See: Max Fränkel, Altertümer von Pergamon, Band VIII, Band 1: Die Inschriften von Pergamon, pages 117-121, Nos. 198-203. Königliche Museen zu Berlin. W. Spemann, Berlin, 1890.
Photos and articles © David John
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